Global Roundtable on CCB Transcript (OEWG 2021-25) – Part 1

This is an unofficial transcript

Ambassador Gafoor

Excellencies, distinguished guests, a very good morning to all of you. The global roundtable on ICT security capacity building convened under the auspices of the Open-ended Working Group on security off and in the use of ICTs. Established pursuant to General Assembly resolution 75/240 is now called to order. Excellencies, heads of delegations, distinguished delegates, I extend a very warm welcome to all of you for your presence this morning. And very delighted to see that so many of you are here today to attend the global roundtable. Before we begin the meeting proper. I’d like to acknowledge the financial contributions made by the delegations of France and Singapore, which made possible the availability of simultaneous interpretation in the six UN languages for today’s global roundtable. I would now like to begin by giving the floor to the United Nations Secretary General, His Excellency Mr. Antonio Guterres, to give opening remarks. And as the Secretary General is unable to join us in person today, he has provided us with a pre-recorded video address, and I now would like to ask the Secretariat to play that message for us.

Antonio Guterres (Secretary General, United Nations)


Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, peace and security in the physical world demand new approaches to peace and security in the digital worlds. Your roundtable highlights this vital link. Unlocking the benefits of digital technology means closing the digital divide, and ensuring its many benefits are shared by all people. But closing the digital divide also means closing the glaring gaps in the security of information and communication technology. Such gaps place countries and most importantly, people at risk. More than ever, global security depends on the security of digital technology. We need to ensure that states fully implement the agreed norms of responsible behavior in their use of digital technology. This is the only way to protect not only people but the infrastructure they depend on. And they need to support developing countries to increase their digital security capacity. Digital security is a critical part of the new agenda for peace. We need strong frameworks for collaboration on threats to global peace and security, in line with international law, human rights and the UN Charter. This roundtable is a key opportunity for countries to share their ideas, experiences and commitment to this vital issue. Thank you all for being part of this essential work.

Ambassador Gafoor

I thank the Secretary General for his statement excellencies. Please allow me to offer some brief welcome remarks in my own capacity as chair of the Open-ended Working Group. Before I invite the other opening keynote speakers I’m delighted to welcome all of you to the inaugural global roundtable on ICT security capacity building. And I’m very pleased to see such a strong turnout in the room this morning. With so many delegations represented at the highest levels. I’m particularly heartened by the presence of many ministers and senior officials from capitals and many of you have made time in your busy schedules and travelled long distances to be here today. Your presence this morning, today, is a testament to the importance of your commitment attached by your delegations. And by extension, it is also a demonstration of our collective commitment as the international community to the topic of ICT security capacity building. Today is an important step forward in the international community’s efforts to accelerate ICT security capacity building efforts. The global roundtable marks the first time that the United Nations is engaging in high level political discussions on the topic of ICT security capacity building. It is the first time that the United Nations is convening a dedicated, standalone meeting on this issue. While much good work on capacity building is already happening at the UN, as well as at regional and bilateral levels. We are still hearing from many delegations that much more needs to be done. And today’s global roundtable is a signal of our commitment at the highest levels, to redouble our efforts to ensure that we collectively accelerate the availability and delivery of capacity building to all states in need of it. I’d like to share with you two brief reflections, which I hope will frame your thoughts as you engage in today’s discussions and activities. Firstly, our collective effort to advance capacity building in the ICT security sphere is fundamentally about strengthening international law, the UN Charter and supporting the rules, norms and principles of responsible state behavior in the domain of ICT security. In this domain, we already have a framework for Responsible state behavior in the use of ICTs, a framework that was developed by the international community here at the United Nations over the past 25 years. The existence of this framework is significant because it demonstrates that the international community is able to build on the international law based multilateral framework in order to respond to new and emerging developments and technology. And precisely because ICT security is a very technical domain, it is clear that many states do not have the capacity and level of expertise and knowledge in order to understand the threat landscape and to respond to emerging threats, and to also implement international law, the principles of the charter, and to implement, of course, the cumulative and evolving framework of rules, norms and principles. I think this is a challenge for all of us in the multilateral system. The UN, by its very nature depends on each and every state to contribute to the collective commitments, and to uphold international law and the UN Charter. And this is equally important in the domain of ICT, as the Secretary General mentioned in his message to us just earlier. It is therefore vitally important that we work together to increase the ICT security capacity of all states. And by doing so, we will enhance our collective ability to implement the framework for Responsible state behavior, and to uphold the principles of international law and the UN Charter. The second reflection I wanted to share with all of you is that a safe and secure international ICT environment is not only an end in itself, but it is also in many ways and indices indispensable part of implementing sustainable development. It is widely acknowledged that digital technologies hold great promise for accelerating sustainable development around the world. A recent study by the ITU and UNDP. And I’m very pleased to say that we have both leaders present here on our podium. And the study by ITU and UNDP found that 70% of the sustainable development goals could benefit directly from digital technologies. However, we will only be able to fully harness the benefits of digital technologies if there is an open, secure, stable, accessible and peaceful ICT environment to provide the foundation upon which digital development can take place. And therefore by strengthening the framework for Responsible state behavior, and building National Cyber rebuild resilience. Capacity Building plays an direct role in helping to create An international ICT environment that also enables sustainable development. And this important linkage between capacity building, cyber resilience and sustainable development is one of the issues that I hope we will address today later in the signature panel discussions. As you engage in today’s discussions, I hope that you will take the opportunity also to share with us your ideas, your best practices, and build partnerships with fellow representatives and heads of delegations from other member states. And I want to take this opportunity to also acknowledge the presence of representatives of the stakeholder community, who are also present here in our room, because ultimately, building cyber capacity is also a multi-stakeholder enterprise. And I also welcome warmly the representatives of the stakeholder community here. It is my hope that this roundtable will spark new ideas, new connections, but also new commitments in terms of political commitments to continue the exercise of building trust, building knowledge, building confidence, and of course, underpinning all of that is building capacity. Excellencies, distinguished delegates, I want to thank you once again, for your presence this morning, and your commitment to participate in this global roundtable. And I look forward to meeting as many of you as possible throughout the day in the various segments of this global roundtable. That concludes my remarks in my capacity as chair of the OEWG. I would now like to invite the representative of the President of the 78th General Assembly session. His Excellency Mr. Collen Vixen Kelapile, who is the Chef de cabinet to the President of the General Assembly, His Excellency Dennis Francis, to give us some opening remarks on behalf of the President. Please.

Collen Vixen Kelapile (Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Botswana to the United Nation)

Thank you very much. Chair. Your Excellency, Miss Josephine Teo, Minister for Communications and Information of Singapore. Your Excellency, Mr. Burhan Gafoor, Permanent Representative of Singapore and chair of the United Nations Open-ended Working Group on security of and in the use of information and communications technologies for 2021 2025. Ms. Doreen Bogdan-Martin, Secretary General of ITU, Mr. Kim Steiner, Administrator of UNDP excellencies Honorable Ministers, Ladies and Gentlemen. It is indeed a great honor for me to deliver these remarks on behalf of the President of the UN General Assembly, Mr. Dennis Francis, who sends his sincere regret for not being able to join you this morning due to other conflicting work demands. The President conveys his appreciation to your excellency Chair of the Open-ended Working Group for the opportunity to address this roundtable on ICT security capacity building, as you said, the first of its kind at the United Nations. With global digital landscape rapidly evolving, the United Nations efforts to position itself ahead of the curve in addressing challenges to international peace and security could not be more important. And the need for regular dialogue, such as this global roundtable on ICT security capacity building could not be timelier. As any organization established in an era of analog, we must not only prove ourselves able to understand and reckon with 21st century challenges, but ensure that all states can safely and securely harness the benefits of our ever more digital society. It is critical that we fully understand how extraordinarily powerful technologies including artificial intelligence have become, and how equally imperative It is to enhance international cooperation to strengthen ICT security globally. Against this backdrop, the digitalization of armed conflict and the rise of the new threats to innocent civilians pose peculiar security challenges. It is true that in conflict settings, access to digital technologies can save lives, enabling people to access vital information on humanitarian support, safe spaces, shelter, and medical care. At the same time, the malicious use of digital technologies, along with the spread of myths and disinformation can exacerbate the vulnerability of civilians, placing Entire societies are at risk of destabilization. Building resilience against cyber threats and digital disruption is therefore paramount for international security. By strengthening the capacity to quickly detect and effectively respond to these threats, states can both dramatically reduce the damage caused and significantly increase the odds of uncovering potential threats when they are easier to address. As you know better than most. Building ICT security capacity is not simply about technology. It is also about meaningful cooperation, knowledge and intelligence sharing, building trust, developing an equitable normative framework and fostering universal respect for international law. In this context, this Open-ended Working Group has proven its exceptional value under the very able leadership of Your Excellency chair, I especially commend the launch of the Global inter governmental points of contact directory for the exchange of information and computer attacks and other incidents. Reaching consensus on this extremely complex topic is all the more vulnerable or made the deficit of trust characterizing today’s global environment excellencies. As I conclude, let me underscore that the important work of this Open-ended Working Group aligns closely with the anticipated outcomes of the summit toward the future in September, if inter-governmentally agreed, the global digital compact is intended to create an open, free and secure digital future for all. While the pack for the future would contain a dedicated chapter on science technology and innovation and digital cooperation. Ahead of this historic summit, I am confident that today’s deliberations will serve as useful input to is impactful outcomes, particularly for small developing states, helping also identify new avenues for partnerships that enable coherent approaches for addressing ICT security threats. I encourage you to seize this unique opportunity for dialogue, to embrace the shared objective to protect civilians from malicious cyber activity and to usher in a more safe and secure ICT environment for all. I Thank you chair.

Ambassador Gafoor

I thank Ambassador Kelapile for his statement on behalf of the President of the 78th session of the General Assembly. Thank you very much, Ambassador for presenting us the message of the President. I would like to first of all at this point. Thank the International Telecommunications Union for joining us as a strategic partner of this global roundtable. And it gives me great honor now to invite the Secretary General of the ITU dear friend, Miss Doreen Bogdan-Martin to give her opening remarks. Doreen over to you, please.

Doreen Bogdan-Martin (Secretary General, ITU)

Thank you. Thank you so much, Chair, Ambassador Gafoor. It’s a pleasure to be here and really honored that you invited us to be a strategic partner in this important discussion this morning. I think this conversation couldn’t be timelier and as Minister Josephine mentioned this morning. The Case for capacity building and cybersecurity has never been In a stronger year after year, we see cyber threats continuing to escalate at unprecedented rates. And the numbers should give us pause. We need to be able to reflect and, and understand if the actions that were taking are enough. At the beginning of this year, the World Economic Forum launched their global risks report, and they put cyber insecurity in the top 10 of the most severe risks, both in the short term and also in the long term. This year alone, cybercrime is projected to cost the global economy and astronomical 9.4 trillion US dollars. And analysts predict that by next year, nearly 50% of all organizations are going to be impacted in some way by a cyber attack again, gives us pause scary numbers. I would also add that the UN system is also a frequent target with cyber threats increasing by 170% last year compared to 2022. According to reports, by UN ICC, and threat actors are targeting us in increasingly sophisticated ways. Sometimes coordinating attacks across multiple entities at once. As UN agencies as Member States, as the private sector, as the technical community, as the public at large these threats concern us all. And I think this is also reflected in the zero draft of the global digital compact where cybersecurity has been mainstreamed across the issue areas where we see advocating for first for safe, secure and trustworthy digital systems, as well as resilient infrastructure. Of course, cyber threats matter because they do impact our ability from the ITU standpoint, to achieve universal meaningful connectivity, and to achieve a sustainable digital transformation. But as you said, Ambassador, it also impacts our ability to achieve the SDGs. And I was thinking about the 2030 agenda. And I wonder if anyone can guess how many times the word cybersecurity was mentioned in the 2030 agenda. Can anybody guess? All right, well, I’ll tell you the word digital, and the word internet was mentioned once. The word security was mentioned many times, but the word cybersecurity was mentioned zero times. And again, when we look at the numbers, we look at the changing landscape, it’s time to have a serious conversation and look at what we can do to ensure that the 2030 agenda does not go off track because of the cyber cyber threats and cyber insecurity. These issues do have serious implications on the security of all member states, and of course, on the entire global economy. And they do undermine public trust and confidence in digital technologies, which undermines our ability to bridge the digital divide. I think the stakes couldn’t be higher and no single entity on its own can manage this. We do need a multistakeholder approach. And we also need a multidisciplinary approach. And again, I think that’s why this conversation today is so important, because cybersecurity is a global issue. And it requires that global dialogue. But it’s also ultimately an issue about people. And that’s why of course the ITU is very much committed to partnering with you with all of you to address the growing cyber risks. We look at this from under the umbrella I would say of something we call the global cybersecurity agenda, where we have a number of pillars, we look at the legal aspects, the organizational aspects, the technical aspects, the capacity building aspects, as well as the need for international cooperation. And some of you may recall way back when in 2003 and 2005 when world leaders came together for the World Summit on the Information Society, and they did come up with an action line as we called it C5 and it was all about building confidence and security in the use of ICTs. Next year, we will review that process. And it’s really important, I think, to look at how the whole ecosystem has changed since back in 2003, and 2005. We are very committed to forging meaningful partnerships, to bring all voices to the table, especially for the Global South, because we need to be able to better anticipate and ultimately to mitigate cyber threats. Our work in capacity development focuses on of course, promoting national cyber strategies, I think the good news is that we’re seeing more and more countries with strategies, I think it’s about 46% or so of the world actually has strategies 56%, having having CSIRTs. And we support countries in setting up their incident response capabilities. And of course, on the standard side, working to put in place international technical standards related to cybersecurity, which is so important. We often find in our work, that cybersecurity is often an afterthought when countries roll out their digital strategies, their digital transformation strategies. And when we look in terms of the development of services and technologies, we often talk about security by design, I think we also have to have that security by design concept in mind, when we are rolling out our policies. I think that that’s really critical. We’ve been excited about some work we’ve done with with Sweden, with the global forum for cybersecurity expertise. I know they’re also in the room, and Microsoft to deliver a compendium on cybersecurity, and sustainable development, a global path forward. And that was launched last month. And I hope that can be a useful resource. And of course, we’re also very excited about the great work we’re doing with our partners at UNDP. To look at cyber development and capacity building, in country, we’re working on a joint program to really help build a safe, resilient digital ecosystem. And so as I mentioned, our work is very focused on the CSIRTs side, our work is also focused on cyber drills. We recently did a global cyber drill in the UAE, we had more than 100 countries join that exercise, which was very interesting. As I was mentioning to the ambassador this morning, we also do cyber drills, with our staff and the ITU. Saudi Arabia helped us do one last year, and we’re planning to do another one, also with diplomats. That’ll be fun as well. But I think that that kind of constant engagement and ensuring that we have the right skills that we’re understanding new developments is also really important. I also wanted to bring another element which is the gender element. We often talk about the digital gender gap. There’s a big gender gap when it comes to cybersecurity. We know there’s a big talent gap when it comes to cyber workforces, but in particular, women are largely underrepresented in the cybersecurity field. We have a Women in Cyber program, it’s a mentoring program, we have her cyber tracks, which is another program where we work with UN ODC, to try to really bridge that gap. And finally, Ambassador, I just wanted to share some thoughts of what we’re seeing where we see some gaps. And as I mentioned before, one of the biggest challenges is that cybersecurity, despite what we see in terms of the global landscape is still often an afterthought. And we really need to change that. We need to make sure it’s there from the inception, and that we’re including all stakeholders in that debate. The second thing that we see is that we often take approaches where we think one size does fit all and that’s definitely not the case, one size does not fit all, and we need to be very targeted in our interventions. We need to make sure that they meet the needs of communities and of countries even when it comes to language skill levels, etc. And then I guess my third point and this is picking up on something that we heard also this morning, is that this is not a one off thing you can’t put in place your CSIRT or put in place your strategy and think you’re done. This is something that we’re all in it long term, and so we need to make sure that on the capacity building side, that it’s on going and then we continue to revisit, understand, work on prevention work on, you know how we respond should an attack actually happen. It is an iterative process, and as I mentioned, we need to put people at the center. In two weeks time we’re going to be gathering in Geneva for the World Summit on the Information Society forum. We will be taking stock on where we are now compared to 2003 and 2005. I hope you’ll join us for that conversation. We’ll also be having AI for good. We have our AI governance day. And we will also be looking in this conversation about how artificial intelligence in particular generative AI is changing a bit, the whole security debate. We’re looking at issues like watermarking, multimedia, authentication, and again, how can we use AI to better protect ourselves? And how does generative AI and some of the security concerns raised around that also fit into this picture. So thank you again for including us delighted to be here, and look forward to working with all of you so that we ensure a safe, open, sustainable digital future for all Thank you.

Ambassador Gafoor

Thank you very much Doreen for your statement. And I also want to acknowledge your active role and leadership of the ITU and for all the ITU’s work in this very important domain. It now gives me pleasure to invite another friend, and I too want to thank the UNDP for having agreed readily to join us as a strategic partner of the global roundtable. And I now invite the administrator of the UNDP Mr. Achim Steiner to give his opening remarks. Achim please.

Achim Steiner ( Administrator, UNDP)

Thank you so much Ambassador Gafoor also as chair of the Open ended Working Group on security in the use of ICT; Honorable Minister; my dear friend, Secretary General; distinguished members of our panel; and also to my friend and colleague, but today in his capacity as a distinguished representative, the president of the UN General Assembly, and Ambassador Kelapile, ministers, excellencies. Ladies and gentlemen, it is a privilege. And I want to thank you also as chair to invite us today to join this timely global roundtable on ICT security capacity building a few years ago, probably UNDP. And the work that we do, particularly alongside our sister agency, ITU would have been perhaps an afterthought. Today, we sit together here and we are very much an integral part I hope of the kinds of deliberations that you will have in the context of this Open-ended Working Group on security and the use of ICT. I’m delighted to be here today to support the working groups important discussions and capacity building by sharing some perspectives from the UNDP’s global engagement. We do believe as many of you have also begun to that including ICT security, has really in the context of cybersecurity transcended the domain of being principally a technical IT issue, it still is very much one. But indeed it is increasingly as you have already heard from my preceding speakers, in the broader sense, development issue, an economic issue a social issue a societal issue, indeed an international cooperation or, indeed, conflict issue. This is especially true in a world where so much of country’s socio-economic development is an increasingly will be dependent on digital. It is also keeping people safe in our increasingly digital societies and economies. But it has also been empowering them to engage with and push the boundaries of innovation and technology. In this context, let me briefly outline three key points with regards to the importance of ICT security from the development perspective. First, ICT security is no longer an option, but it is rather a critical factor to drive forward development and protect hard won gains. Ransomware attacks on infrastructure such as schools, hospitals and power utilities pose a large, growing and yes, imminent threat. There has also been a growing number of threats faced by low and middle income countries which have poorer ICT security defenses. That is starkly reflected in the remarkable fact that according to one research study cited in an Interpol report, cybercrime reduced GDP within Africa by more than 10% in the year 2021. reduced by more than 10% GDP on the continent of Africa, a figure that stands alongside the global you figure that you mentioned earlier on, we are seeing how many countries are now viewing ICT security as critical to both a digital transformation but also their wider development. Indeed, ICT security intersects with important development priorities, decisions. And let us also be very clear constraints that particularly least developed countries low income countries face in today’s fast moving, capital intensive investment demanding environment where they are virtually unable to mobilize the resources precisely to keep pace with what needs doing. For example, efforts in building financial inclusion to go really to the grassroots element of development today go hand in hand with ensuring ICT security. Almost 1/3 of all adults are still unbanked in our financial economy of today, with the majority including women from poor households in rural areas or out of the workforce. digital financial services have been transformative and will continue to be critical in reaching precisely these groups in our society. But if cyber attacks continue to grow with financial services remaining the most targeted industries, this will not only be a risk, it is actually the poorest and most vulnerable, who will again be at the frontlines of having to bear that risk. In short, there is a need to get one step ahead of that universe of crime cybercrime, criminals, and those who essentially are leveraging these new technologies. To this end, for example, we also in UNDP, are trying to better understand the long side the countries we serve and work in, by undertaking a global research initiative to deepen our understanding of the development impact of digital scams, something that virtually every country represented in this room here, is now also trying to come to grips with and how to build the global and local coalition’s to prevent and respond to them. Again very much looking to our sister agency ITU in precisely bringing that global understanding, first of all, but then also commitment to working together forward. Second, in order for this to work, trust is key. If people do not trust digital tools, channels and technologies, then they’re less likely to use the digital products and services that can transform not only the lives and livelihoods but also lower the security threats. That includes everything from digital public services to life changing innovations developed by the private sector. Indeed, if people do not feel safe online, they will not embrace the opportunities that digital can enable. Think back to some of the remarkable responses government’s had to deal with during the pandemic, and also not able to explore new markets for their businesses to leveraging opportunities to build new skills. When digital is crucial, as we have heard for 70% of the Sustainable Development Goal targets, then clearly, people not engaging with that digital frontier is also undermining country’s ability to progress. To this end, it is crucial that the digital foundations we build are inclusive, safe and resilient. Again, it is why UNDP has begun to focus efforts on engaging with many countries today to invest in the digital public infrastructure, a foundational part of then also being able to invest in the security aspect of that. These are as we have often said the new digital roads and bridges that will enable communities to access a range of vital digital public services from finance to education to health, and we were emphasizing that they include safety and security at the outset. And by design, not by default. Building cyber resilience in a society can be seen as a one off, but again, as the rain and others have already alluded to, it needs to be a constant investment but also constant dialogue with people, with citizens as technologies and threats evolve. UNDP is fortunate to be able to leverage the important ICT security capacity of Singapore, including working with the Government of Singapore, especially through our Global Center in Singapore and Minister, I want to thank you for the strong support to this partnership that you have also offered. Chair, excellencies. Ladies and Gentlemen, finally and related to this, given the current stock and ever larger future capacity gap and skills shortage in this space globally, we urgently need upscaling of ICT security capacities. For instance, 60% of least developed countries do not have a National cybersecurity strategy. 60%, and we have a global shortage of nearly three and a half million ICT security professionals. While only one quarter of ICT professionals as you already alluded to just now they’re in our women. Broader digital literacy and cyber hygiene efforts needs to be a priority. We need to come together to address these challenges, and multistakeholder coalition’s can work together with development organizations with collaboration across public and private domains to leverage respective expertise. In this spirit as the Doreen has also mentioned, I’m pleased to announce that UNDP and the International Telecommunications Union are working together to collaborate on offering joint programs on cyber development and capacity building to build safe and resilient digital ecosystems. That includes focusing on areas such as building countries, incident response capacities, National cybersecurity strategies, and capacity building for civil servants and the public. Excellencies. Ladies and gentlemen, ICT security plays an ever more vital role in development, particularly in the global landscape where country’s progress towards the SDGs hinges increasingly, on leveraging digital technologies, shaping those enabling environments, building those ecosystems from the building of skills and investing in digital public infrastructure to boosting inclusion and embedding cybersecurity in financial and Digital Services is now pivotal. It must be based on a recognition that investing in ICT Security does indeed in today’s world go beyond protecting data. It’s like installing the strongest firewall for development futures across the globe, and we can only build that firewall together. Thank you

Ambassador Gafoor

Thank you very much, Achim, for your statement. Thank you also for your role in the UNDP in positioning UNDP at the forefront of the digital transformation that every country is going through and I think your role is crucial, particularly in mainstreaming cybersecurity, cyber resilience as part of sustainable development. Thank you very much for that. I now have the honor to invite Singapore’s Minister for Communications and Information and Minister in charge of Smart Nation and Cybersecurity, Mrs. Josephine Teo to give opening remarks. Minister, please.

Josephine Teo (Minister for Communications and Information of Singapore)

Thank you very much, Burhan. Your excellencies chef de cabinet of the President of the 78th General Assembly Ambassador Kelapile; secretary general of the ITU my good friend, Miss Doreen Bogdan Martin, and administrator of the UNDP. Mr. Achim Steiner, whom I’ve only very recently met, but tremendously enjoyed our conversation, colleagues and friends, Good morning. I’m honored to address you at today’s UN Global roundtable on ICT security capacity building. The world is more reliant on digital and cyberspace than ever before. And in the face of the fast evolving cyber threats, it is timely that we gather to discuss the important matter of cyber capacity building. Doreen in her earlier intervention had very eloquently and energetically reminded us of the challenges ahead. In addition to what she has said, and also what Achim have contributed. As well as Ambassador Kelapile, I have three further points to add. First, we should think of capacity building as a means to empower states because they strengthen our abilities to secure our cyberspace and therefore, is a way to safeguard our state sovereignty. Capacity Building equips states with the skills to protect key national interests, be it da, critic critical information infrastructures like central banks, and water supplies, or the protection of our citizens from the modern threat of cybercrime and online scams. By securing the cyber domain, states enhance their own sovereignty while simultaneously uplifting the regional cybersecurity posture. Second, when states are secure, we are in a better position to strengthen and uphold the rules based multilateral order, including in cyberspace. For small states like Singapore, a rules based international order is critical for our survival, as it avoids the situation where might is right. Capacity Building enables states as responsible members of the international community to perform our international obligations. This includes develop ping an understanding of how existing international law applies in cyberspace, so that we can take actions to uphold it, as well as call out actions that undermine the rules based order. Thirdly, I would add that while many view cybersecurity solely through the National Security lens, certainly in ASEAN, and several of my ASEAN colleagues are here today, certainly in ASEAN we recognize cybersecurity as a critical enabler of the digital economy. It’s something that we cannot dispense with despite our diversity across languages, political systems and cultural backgrounds, I’m happy to say that ASEAN member states collectively recognize the need for a secure cyberspace for the region, in order that our citizens and our businesses can reap the benefits of a digital economy. Each ASEAN member wants our own citizens to benefit from new technologies to the fullest extent. However, we can only do so if we can mitigate the risks through effective cybersecurity. Vulnerable Groups. For example, those pointed out by Doreen and Achim, women, seniors, and I would add small and medium enterprises to the list, they will certainly need our enhanced protection. One key observation is that with increased connectivity, the attack surface is growing exponentially too. And the vulnerable groups are even more exposed than they were ever before. So it behooves us as states to build cyber resilience, in order to harness the full potential of digital technologies to uplift our economies. And that is why cyber capacity building is essential. If our citizens cannot connect, transact and communicate securely on the digital domain, we will be unable to fully capitalize on the benefits. This is also why Singapore is committed to raising our regional cybersecurity posture through capacity building efforts at the ASEAN Singapore cybersecurity Center of Excellence, or the ASCCE. Since 2016. We have conducted more than 50 programs for over 1600 senior officials from the ASEAN member states and we will continue to do the work through ASCCE. However, while our efforts through the ASCCE are modest, our hope is to offer a concrete way forward to support and uplift our region so that we can collectively gain from digitalization. As I wrap up my remarks, I would like to offer three practical suggestions. The first would be for countries to cooperate on cyber capacity building internationally. Singapore looks forward to more partners working with us through the ASCCE and its programs. Second, cyber capacity building should take a multidisciplinary and multi-stakeholder approach. This is because cybersecurity is a cross cutting domain. Beyond the operational and technical know how diverse expertise across the policy legal, as well as the diplomatic domains, they are required to effectively understand and manage cybersecurity at the national level. My third suggestion would be for states to invest in the next generation of leaders in the cyber domain, even as we cultivate and nurture the current generation. Cybersecurity leadership goes beyond the technical aspects as it necessitates a broad understanding of the geopolitical, social and economic implications of cyber threats and cyber operations and the face of the fast changing cyber threat landscape. We need leaders who can guide their agencies and ministries through the complexities and technicalities. of the domain. And there is currently a gap in capacity building efforts to support the development of cyber leaders. Besides the UN Singapore cyber fellowship that we call organize with the UN Office for this armament affairs, Singapore is committed to address the need through the SG, the Singapore cyber leadership and Alumni Program. This program will take a holistic approach to prepare National Cyber leaders in a cross cutting domains of cybersecurity. The program will be extended to all UN member states, including PR mission representatives in New York, and Geneva. So, dear colleagues, cyber capacity building efforts are key to building our collective resilience in cyberspace to secure our digital way of life for a sustainable future. I look forward to hearing your diverse views and perspectives in today’s global roundtable on ICT security capacity building. And thank you very much for your attention.

Ambassador Gafoor


Thank you very much, Minister Josephine to you for your statement, and for your framing of the issue. And as well as your suggestions excellencies distinguished delegates, the opening remarks have set the stage for our discussions for the rest of the morning. And I hope that each one of you in your own interventions will also provide your own ideas, but also your own reactions, if any to some of the comments that you have heard today. Before we begin the second segment of the Global roundtable, which will take the form of a signature panel, I wanted to outline with you how we will proceed with our program for today. The signature panel which will commence after the statements with statements from delegations will be based on those who have inscribed their heads of delegations on the list of speakers. And in accordance with UN practice. We’ve given priority to participating ministers to make their interventions, and the rest of the speaker’s list will be called in the order in which the speaking slot was inscribed and received by the Secretariat, I therefore seek your kind understanding. I wanted to assure you that every delegation that wishes to speak will be given an opportunity to make your contribution. And it’s my hope that everyone would also be engaged in this room to listen to every statement and also to listen to each other. We are prepared to take this roundtable signature panel session into the afternoon if needed. If we are unable to finish the speaker’s list, so I wanted to assure you that everyone will have an opportunity. But what we will do is that during the lunchtime at 1:30pm. We will begin the lunchtime match making session. That’s what it is call it is a session to allow different delegations that are interested in sharing information about their capacity building programs will be given an opportunity to make a brief pitch, so to speak, and all other delegations and I would encourage all of you to also attend the lunchtime matchmaking session to see whether what is being indicated and announce is of interest to your own delegation. In terms of potential partnerships. After lunch, when the lunchtime matchmaking session concludes, there will be two breakout sessions. The two breakout group sessions will be moderated by uUNIDIR who is also an important strategic partner of the global roundtable and I thank them for their very valuable support and advice in organizing this global roundtable. So the two breakout sessions will run from three to 5pm. breakout group one will focus on the theme of strengthening governance policies and processes. It will be held in conference room C, and breakout group two will focus on developing technology talent and partnerships, it will be held in conference room D. The two breakout sessions will be held in parallel, it will be in a small intimate room so it will be very much in an interactive discussion format and I leave delegations to choose which breakout group they wish to attend or if they wish to shuttle from one to the other, that too is an option. Coming back to the lunchtime matchmaking session, I have asked a dear friend from Singapore, the chief executive of the cybersecurity agency, Mr. David Cole, to moderate that discussion, and I want to thank him also for his leadership and support for this process. Finally, it is my intention to reconvene here at 5pm for the closing plenary of the global roundtable where we will hear brief summaries of the discussions that breakout group sessions from UNIDIR, and we will also hear back from the matchmaking session. And I also intend to make some final closing remarks and if there’s time, we can take additional observations or comments from the floor. Much depends of course on how much time we have available for us. It is now my intention to transition from this podium format to the signature panel sessions, and I want to take this opportunity to thank all our distinguished panelists for their time and presence at the podium. And it now gives me great honor to invite UNIDIR director and a dear friend Mr. Robin Geiss to take over the discussions as moderator of the signature panel, he will conduct the proceedings and I will be in the room talking, meeting, and listening to the discussions and I hope to see you back here in the room at the podium at 5pm. So without further ado, please give us a minute or two to transition but the meeting is now adjourned don’t go far away. We will continue our discussions and I’d like to invite Mr Robin Geiss to come over to the podium, please, thank you very muc

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Excellencies, Honorable Ministers, distinguished delegates, esteemed experts, and guests. Good morning, and it is an honor to be with you today and to participate in this inaugural global roundtable on ICT security capacity building, as we’ve heard the first event of its kind to be held under UN auspices. Now, this global roundtable, as you know, is an outcome of the ongoing Open-Ended Working Group on security of and in the use of information and communication technologies. A crucial process that since its inception has always emphasized the importance of capacity building as a key enabler of responsible state behavior, but also more broadly, of an open, safe and secure digital environment. Now, in this signature panel, we’re called upon to explore how we can build cyber resilience for sustainable development by bridging the global capacity gap. The distinguished speakers that opened this event this morning, have already provided a comprehensive overview. And notably, they’ve all highlighted the critical importance of timely action, being one step ahead, the critical importance of timely action as technology advances, threats evolve, and countries accelerate their digitalization. In today’s world, connectivity and the internet are as essential as electricity and making cyber resilience imperative. The digital domain of course offers vast opportunities for innovation and growth, but it also presents significant threats to security to prosperity and to human rights. The daily toll of cyber attacks can already be measured in disrupted lives and destabilize economies and breaches of national security. We are here today because we recognize that no single entity and also no single nation can shoulder the burden of securing the ICT domain alone. It is a challenge that transcends borders, and also sectors and disciplines, requiring an inclusive and coordinated response. In this context, the importance of cyber capacity building simply cannot be overstated. It is the necessary bedrock of any secure, resilient and stable digital environment. By investing in cyber capacity, we empower nations to defend against ever evolving threats that seek to exploit our interconnectedness. We enable businesses and organizations particularly those delivering critical services to safeguard the operations, and we ensure that individuals can confidently engage with the digital domain, improving their lives without compromising their safety. It is precisely because this topic is so fundamental that we’re eager to hear your perspectives on the key questions that will guide our discussion here today. What barriers do countries face in building the ICT security capacities required to support their sustainable development goals? How do we overcome these barriers? How is your country, how is your region overcoming the capacity gap? And or how are you assisting others to do so? And then thirdly, are there lessons in capacity building to be shared and applied internationally? Now, as I’m about to open the floor, please just allow me to emphasize once again that your intervention should not exceed five minutes in length. We have a long list of speakers this morning, and we want to ensure that all will be given an opportunity to share their important perspectives. And with this, it’s my great pleasure now to start an open the floor. The first speaker on my list is the distinguished representative from the Philippines, His Excellency, Ivan John Uy, Secretary of the Department of information and communications technology, the floor is yours.

Ivan John Uy (Secretary, Department of Information and Communications Technology)

In our present era of rapid digital expansion, the imperative to fortify our cybersecurity framework stands as a cornerstone of national resilience. governments worldwide are tasked with surmounting formidable barriers that threaten to undermine the very fabric of our digital infrastructure, hindering the pursuit of sustainable development goals. One of the primary obstacles stops to sustaining robust ICT security is a pervasive lack of cyber threat awareness among people, among government officials, and even in the business community. Lack of awareness regarding cyber threats presents a glaring vulnerability in our defenses and empowering industries. As well as of course our citizens with a comprehensive understanding of cyber risks, not only bolsters our collective resilience, but also lays the groundwork for a proactive strategies to counter emerging threats. Secondly, aside from weak cybersecurity culture. We also have face shortage of skilled cybersecurity professionals. And this is a notable global scarcity all over the world. In response initiatives such as the establishment of specialized training programs, and centers of excellence, like the one currently being done in Singapore are essential. These efforts aim to bridge the gap by nurturing a new cadre of cybersecurity experts equipped to confront evolving digital threats head on. Thirdly, is the disparities in the technological axis and digital literacy across varied demographics, particularly in rural or marginalized communities exacerbate cybersecurity vulnerabilities. bridging this gap demands concerted efforts to enhance technological access, and digital literacy across all strata of society. This includes cyber hygiene. By empowering underserved populations with the necessary tools and knowledge, we fortify our collective defense against cyber incursions as a way forward. In tackling these multifaceted challenges, international collaboration emerges as an indispensable tool. Through shared intelligence, best practices, and capacity building initiatives, nations can collectively bolster their cybersecurity posture by fostering a culture of collaboration and information sharing will not only enhance our individual resilience, but also contribute to the broader global effort to safeguard our digital future. However, this cannot be done by government alone, the private sector should play its part. And in this by private sector, I mean, the the platform providers that provide the enabling environment for many of the technologies to thrive, but also provides the enabling environment for cyber threats to thrive. And the private sector that provides these platforms should take a greater role in managing in providing the security, ecosystem and infrastructure as well as the policies that would allow for better responses to all these threats and scams that are evolving as we speak. And near token content, moderation is no longer enough, there should be a more proactive role that platform providers should include in their in their systems in order to enhance a collective effort on cybersecurity. Thank you very much.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you. And the next speaker on the list is the distinguished representative from Cambodia, His Excellency Dr. Vandeth Chea, Minister of Post and Telecommunications.

Dr. Vandeth Chea (Minister of Post and Telecommunications, Cambodia)

Moderator, excellencies, ministers, distinguished delegates, Good morning. I am honored to be here at the signature panel, representing Cambodia. I would like to begin by commending the work of the open ended working group for playing a critical role in fostering international dialogues and corporations on the issue of ICT security, and in particular for convening this global roundtable on ICT security capacity building. As our society becomes increasingly digital, our dependent on ICT systems, and networks is rapidly growing, making ICT security one of the most pressing issue of our time. The recent rise in cyber attacks has shown us that our ICT system are more vulnerable than ever. Thus capacity building, the process of developing and strengthening the skill, ability, processes and resources that organizations and community need to survive, adapt, and thrive in this fast changing digital world becoming progressively important. In the case of Cambodia, we are made our priorities to harmonize our digital vision with the well being of our citizen. Over the past few years, we have been working tightly to dry For our digital government and digital economy agenda, yet our efforts in digital rim would be in vain without placing ICT security at the foundation of our endeavor. Allow me to briefly share Cambodia current cybersecurity landscapes and our measures to strengthen our cybersecurity capability. At the national level, the Royal Government of Cambodia has earlier this year, established the digital security committee to lead, coordinate and promote the implementation of National cybersecurity measures. relevant ministry will come together to address four main aspects involving Cambodia cyberspace, mainly; cybersecurity, cybercrime, cyber defense and cyber diplomacy. The coordination at the national level allows us to conduct through the rough needs analysis and adopt collective measure to promote to promptly strategize and address the human skill gap, among other requirements. Safeguarding and strengthening ICT security imply improving competence, knowledge and skill in every person who use ICT, to reduce human errors that lead to breaches. In this context, capacity building should not be an isolated or one time effort., but a continuous process of equipping individuals with the ability to protect, mitigate and respond in the face of ICT security threats. Like many countries, Cambodia faces a shortage of skilled ICT security personnel, and understand the urgency to properly address the skill gap. Cambodia, adopted the digital education roadmap as a guide to ensure higher education institution can benchmark and align the ICT security program offering in compliance with international practice and standard. Just like other aspects of digital square, ICT security is a cross border issue that requires a united global response. It is our collective responsibility as representative of our nations to secure our digital environment, and to ensure that every part of our society can reap the benefits of technology without fearing its risks. For Cambodia, we have the privilege of leveraging our ASEAN platform to jointly implement capacity building programs and foster a culture of dialogue and best practice sharing. Excellencies, distinguished delegates Cambodia reaffirm our commitment to foster cooperation with states international organization and stakeholders to advance our capacity building effort to build a strong safety digital future. Let us work together leveraging the framework by the OEWG, learn from one another and move forward as a united resilient global community. Thank you.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you. And the next speaker is the distinguished representative of Brazil, His Excellency Ivan de Sousa Corrêa Filho, the vice minister.

Ivan de Sousa Corrêa Filho (Secretary General, Institutional Security Office

Thank you, Robin. distinguished delegates, it’s an honor to be here today at the Global roundtable on building capacity and ICT security, and the event of utmost important in the pursuit of a safer and more resilient cyber environment for global sustainable development. In this context, I would like to highlight Brazil’s active commitment to the United States OEWG, which plays a crucial role in promoting the security and responsible use of ICT at the international level. Capacity building stands out as an indispensable element of global cybersecurity, and this cross cutting to the key pillars outlined in your concept notes, policies and regulations, processes and structures, partnerships and networks, people and skills and technology. As stated in the Capacity Building Principles adopted by the first OEWG and reiterated In this OEWG second annual progress report, capacity building must be needs based, respectful of state sovereignty, and design it and implemented in a collaborative and negotiated manner by all parties. Brazil has emphasized the huge chance of increasing joint efforts for ICT capacity building worldwide, recognizing that this task is incumbent upon all the states regardless of their level of the development. Reflecting on the whole of capacity building ICT security, helps understand its importance as a facilitator of sustainable development. It’s crucial for the international community to work together to accelerate and enhance the implementation of these capable capabilities worldwide through concrete programs and actions. Mr. Moderator, Brazil and other countries of the global south face the huge challenge of raising awareness among the population in general and small and medium sized companies, in particular on the importance of ICT security in their activities. With this objective in mind, Brazil has launched the goodwill hackers program, which offers free cybersecurity training to 10s of 1000s of high school and technical students. This program promoted by the high level Schools Network of the National Research and Education Network, average has more than 50,000 enrolled students, demonstrating Brazil’s commitment to building capacities in ICT security. Furthermore, Brazil seeks to build international capacity and assist other countries. In this process, through active participation in multilateral and regional fora. In the signing of bilateral cooperation agreements, such as the support project for the creation of Suriname CSIRT, in a partnership between the institutional security cabinet of the presidents of the Republic, and the Brazilian cooperation nations, Brazil prioritizes agreements with countries in Latin America and Caribbean to strengthen their region cybersecurity and resilience, but also seeks partnerships with countries from other regions that promote the exchange of knowledge and experiences in ICT security at the global level. One such example is the digital citizenship campaign considered and in partnership between the Institution of security cabinet of the presidents of the Republic and the United Kingdom’s FCDO within the framework of the bridge Digital Access Program. The campaign’s main goal was to raise awareness among the Brazilian population, especially the younger generation, the so called digital natives, on the importance of cybersecurity and information security. The campaign aims to communicate in order to educate with young people aged 12 to 17, as the primary target audience, and parents and teachers as the secondary target audience. Still in partnership with the British government, the institutional security office launched their report on cybersecurity capacity maturity model. The CMM is a methodological framework designed to review a country cybersecurity capacity development by the global cybersecurity capacity center, from Oxford University. The CMM assessment funded by the UK Government was conducted in Brazil in 2023. And the final report highlights advances in Brazil’s cyber landscape on National cybersecurity strategy, cyber defense framework for education and other elements. Dear colleagues, this is an strategic year for Brazil cyber policy, as the country is currently implementing its first comprehensive legal framework on the subject, whose most significant event was the institution of the National cybersecurity policy and the creation of the National cybersecurity committee on December 26th, Last year. Finally, our active participation in multilateral and other international fora such as; OEWG, the OAS Working Group on Confidence Building Measures, CSIRT, Americas, the MERCOSUR cybersecurity Commission, the BRICS Working Group on security in the use of ICTs in the form of incident response and security teams, among others, where we have the chance to exchange views and information on key cybersecurity issues. is also a key contribution to capacity building to us and participating states. These fora constitute an important CBM as well. In conclusion, Brazil invites all nations to cooperate effectively, as only though cooperation, we will be able to build robust national and international capacities and promote an open, secure, peaceful, accessible resilient and interoperable, ICT environment for all. Thank you very much

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you and if I may, awareness raising is also one of the core focuses of our work at unity as that threat landscape is eternally evolving. Now the next speaker on my list is the distinguished representative from Sierra Leone. Ibrahim Sano, Deputy Minister Communication Technology and Innovation.

Ibrahim Sano ( Deputy Minister, Communication Technology and Innovation, Sierra Leone)

Thank you very much. His Excellency Burhan Gafoor, chairman of the Open-ended Working Group on security of and the use of information communication technologies 2021 to 2025, excellencies, colleagues, ministers who are present distinguished delegates and participants, I am honored to represent the government of Sierra Leone at this esteemed global roundtable on ICT security capacity building with a theme, building cyber resilience for sustainable development by bridging the global capacity gap. As agreed upon by member states and the second annual progress report in accordance with the relevant General Assembly resolutions, I want to express our deep appreciation to the members of the Open-ended Working Group for their stewardship, and delegations for their invaluable contributions in organizing this high level conference on the security of ICT perspectives related to building a national strategy for enhancing digital development priorities. Mr. Moderator. Indeed, the discussions on building cyber resilience for sustainable development are central to addressing global digital challenges, and driving transformation mechanisms to capacity building to accelerate progress towards achieving the 2030 agenda, and it’s Sustainable Development Goals. As we delve into the crucial topic of enhancing global cybersecurity capabilities, I am delighted to share Sierra Leone’s unique journey, a journey of which we are solely proud of our remarkable efforts and progress in this critical domain I Testament or resilience, and determination to secure our digital future, making our perspective a valuable addition to this global discourse in Sierra Leone. We recognize the pivotal role of robust ICT infrastructure and cybersecurity measures in driving sustainable development and protecting our digital assets. Over the years, we have made significant strides in bolstering our cybersecurity frameworks, fostering public private partnerships, and investing in cutting edge technologies to fortify our digital resonance. Sierra Leone’s commitment to advancing ICT security is not just a statement, but a reality reflected in our initiatives. One such initiative is establishing the National Cyber Security Coordination Center, commonly called NC triple three, a cornerstone of our cybersecurity strategy. The NC triple three plays a pivotal role in developing and implementing national cybersecurity policies and approaches supporting law enforcement agencies in combating cybercrimes, protecting the country’s Critical Information Infrastructure, and promoting Sierra Leone’s involvement in regional and international cybersecurity cooperation. It is at this juncture that I’m pleased to announce to this body the Sierra Leone has also joined other nations to ratify the Budapest convention that was done February this year, and of which we are due to receive a certification in June. This initiative has yielded tangible results in mitigating cyber threats, and enhancing digital trust across sectors. Moreover, our collaboration with international partners and organizations has been instrumental in leveraging global expertise and best practices to strengthen our cybersecurity ecosystem. However, we acknowledge that the cybersecurity landscape which is continually changing presents new challenges and opportunities. As we navigate this dynamic environment Sierra Leone remains steadfast in its dedication to continuous improvement, capacity building and collaboration are both regional and global levels. Mr. Moderator, we need concerted efforts to reinforce and build research and development capacity, integrated science, technology and innovation into development policies, invest in the internet and digital infrastructure and improve digital skills and working condition, including strictly cooperation in science, technology and innovation. Sierra Leone also acknowledges various discussions held in this respect at the United Nations and beyond, especially conferences supporting cooperation with member states to build strong and digital public infrastructure opportunities and capacity building to promote digital inclusivity and digital democracy and to boost our economic indicators. Sierra Leone’s economic agenda hinges on promoting Big Five initiatives to boost national prosperity. I am pleased to inform you Mr. Moderator and colleagues that Sierra Leone has identified building cooperation in the ICT platform to promote the country’s efforts and capacity building development priorities, and gives an insight into narrowing the digital gaps between and among Member States and ICT implementation strategies. Sierra Leone, therefore also prioritizes building a flexible ICT environment in national development initiatives to generate useful deliverables in our healthcare emergency infrastructure, building the next generation of current and future educational expertise in global thematic issues, accelerating our financial services structures, including enhancing affordable energy production, targets and climate change issues and meeting SDG benchmarks. Let me conclude Mr. Moderator, that by stressing that building cyber resilience in harnessing ICT infrastructure, to partnership and corporations at all levels will benefit the least developed countries. Sierra Leone looks forward to engage in fruitful discussions with development partners to exchange insights and explore collaborative solutions that will contribute to the collective efforts in advancing global ICT security. Thank you very much.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you. The next speaker is distinguished representative from Ukraine Anton Demokhin, deputy foreign minister and Chief Digital Transformation officer, please.

Anton Demokhin (Deputy Foreign Minister, Chief Digital Transformation Officer, Ukraine)

Mr. Chair, excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, it’s an honor to address you today. Ukraine appreciates the convening of the high level global roundtable on ICT security capacity building, and recognizes the work of the Open-ended Working Group and establishment of the points of contact directory. At the outset, I would like to express our solidarity with Czechia, Germany, the United Kingdom, and other like-minded states who have recently experienced cyberattacks backed by Russian government. Ukraine strongly believes that cyber resilience plays a crucial role in achieving sustainable development goals, promoting the rule of law and responsible state behavior, contributing to international security instability. Building National Cyber resilience is not a purely internal matter. It requires cooperation between states region, regional and international institutions, the private sector, academic and civil society. And I would like to accent the public private partnership and our cyber diplomatic efforts. We consider cyber capacity building is one of the priority areas in order to improve the overall resilience of states against malicious cyber operations and to promote digital solidarity. At the international level, namely here the United Nations, the newly established global point of contact directory is a step in the right direction towards enhancing international cooperation. The war waged by Russia against Ukraine in cyberspace highlighted even more the importance of international cooperation in preventing and repelling cyber -attacks and disinformation. By working together on capacity building measures. Ukraine cybersecurity agencies investigate 1000s of cybersecurity incidents. Summarizing the experience gained from these events and taking into consideration the ever evolving threat landscape. Our country continues to build up its cybersecurity capabilities and introduce new relevant legislation. We observe a growing level of sophistication and coordination between malicious actors and states that demonstrate disrespect for Responsible state behavior. In this regard, Ukraine actively collaborates with international partners particularly in NATO and the European Union, with international organizations like International Telecommunications Union, and other initiatives like CRI, Ukraine was rated 12 in the world ranking of national cybersecurity, according to the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School in 2022, and sixth place in the world ranking of National cybersecurity according to the version of the National cybersecurity index. In February 2024, Kiev have hosted the first international cyber resilience forum, Resilience during the cyber war, initiated by the national coordination center for cybersecurity, and the US civilian Research and Development Foundation. The forum was supported by the US Department of State and CO organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, other Ukraine’s government bodies as well as Institute for cyber warfare research. The event brought together government and business representatives of the cyber community, technological companies and leading industry experts. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine is also building focused internal cyber diplomacy capacities. Ukraine is open to share its unique experience in combating malicious cyber activities and contribute to the development of cyber resilience for other countries by exchange of experience in countering cyber-attacks and development of cybersecurity strategies., training of cybersecurity specialists including the development and implementation of international standards and Best Global practices, and developing new educational courses based on our experience in the cyber war, establishment of qualification centers where specialists will be able to take professional exams and receive education, sharing Ukraine’s cyber resilience, architecture, experience and cybersecurity strategy. They can serve as an example for other countries in developing safer cyberspace. We are eager to further develop Confidence Building Measures, together with likeminded states, with the aim of exchanging experience in the field of cybersecurity and strengthening the level of so called collective cybersecurity. In conclusion, we invite you and Member States to continue working together to raise awareness, build capacities, especially in the light of already existing, as well as emerging threats in cyber domain and address how cyber domain developments affect global security architecture in a world of growing digital economies and ecosystems. Thank you

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you. And the next speaker is the distinguished representative from Indonesia, Hinsa Siburian, Head of National Cyber and Crypto Agency.

Hinsa Siburian (Chief of National Cyber and Crypto Agency, Indonesia)

Thank you moderator, Mr. Robin. Good afternoon. To all delegations here, allow me this morning to convey three points pertaining to the theme of building cyber resilience for sustainable development by reaching the global capacity gap. First, in comparison with terrestrial, maritime and aerial spaces that have been integral to human civilization for 1000s of years, cyberspace is a relatively new reality. Indonesia recognizes that many countries, particularly developing nations like ours, they’ll need to adapt to cyberspace however, a major obstacle encountered is related to human resource readiness, where a national culture of cybersecurity awareness has yet to be established. As a result, many ICT developments are carried out in the context of digitalization to tap into welfare potential by prioritizing functionality, regrettably, failing to prioritize security aspects. Therefore, enhancing cybersecurity literacy and early cybersecurity awareness programs in both formal and non-formal education must become our shared priority. Furthermore, the cost of investing in human resource development and strengthening national cybersecurity technology is exceedingly high. Consequently, seeking funding from various sources and fostering cooperation at bilateral, regional and international levels is a strategic step we need to undertake. Additionally, thoroughly eradicating cybercrimes is profoundly challenging and due to jurisdictional issues. This must be addressed through bilateral, regional and international policy frameworks and cross national collaboration. Secondly, in order to bridge the gap in cybersecurity, Indonesia has established a national cybersecurity strategy Here’s a guideline for collaboration among government, academia, business actors and communities to promote and maintain cybersecurity and alignment with the 11 United Nations norms and responsible state behavior in cyberspace and constitution of Indonesia as a non-aligned nation with an independent and active foreign policy in an Asian courageous bilateral, regional, multilateral collaboration. To date, Indonesia has realized cyber security cooperation agreements with various countries including the US, Saudi Arabia, Australia, the Netherlands, the UK, South Korea, the People’s Republic of China, Russia, Slovakia, and United Arab Emirates, as well as regional cooperation in Southeast Asia. We have also collaborated with major ICT industries, such as those big industries in the world to jointly build and enhance cybersecurity capacity in Indonesia. We hope that such collaboration will not only increase shared awareness and human resource capacity, but also address the issue of cybercrime, which is a transnational concern through the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. CSIRT, Computer Emergency Responders response team and ASEAN CSIRT. Computer Emergency Response Team Indonesia participates in joint efforts to respond to cyber incidents by promoting information sharing, capacity building, and coordination among the related National Computer Emergency Response Teams. Furthermore, Indonesia greatly appreciates the government of Singapore for its various efforts to support the enhancement of cybersecurity, one of which is truly annual Singapore international cyber week. Thirdly, regarding lessons learned in Indonesia, one of our breakthroughs in developing cybersecurity capacity, as mandated by the National cybersecurity strategy involves establishing a National Cyber and crypto portfolio at Polytechnic, a Human Resource Development Center and a state owned Professional Certification Institute equipped with a national occupation map and various cybersecurity certification schemes. With these institutions, we endeavor to create a pipeline of certified cybersecurity professionals required. Additionally, partner nation support during the development of international human resource capabilities has been immensely beneficial. For example, Indonesia has received support for a cybersecurity Vocational Center to be constructed by the end of 2024, and student teacher and senior official exchange programs in cooperation with the South Korean government through KOICA and CAICA. In conclusion, Indonesia will continue to play an active role in building cybersecurity capacity to regional and international cooperation to create an open, secure and peaceful cyberspace for humanity. Thank you, Your Excellency

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Distinguished representative of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, His Excellency, Majed Al Mazyad, Governor of National CyberSecurity Authority and Minister in charge of CyberSecurit

Majed Al Mazyad (Governor, National CyberSecurity Authority)

Excellences, ladies and gentlemen, good morning. It’s my pleasure to be with you today in this important meeting on building ICT security capacity. I congratulate his excellency Burhan Gafoor for the progress made in the work of the Open-ended Working Group and for his excellent leadership of our work. There is a need for a trusted and secure cybersecurity that promotes development and this need is more urgent than effort than ever. It is important to promote cybersecurity as a priority for nations, especially with the current that unprecedented technological development. When we speak about promoting cybersecurity, there is a need to address strategic challenges, namely, the gap and providing specific human resources for cybersecurity. We cannot address this challenge alone, addressing it requires promoting cyber security in a comprehensive way that takes into account all relevant trajectories. One, building effective governance for cybersecurity at the national level to promote national efforts to improve cybersecurity under one umbrella that has comprehensive have responsibilities, two, developing relevant policies and regulations at the national level and ensure that all relevant national actors are compliant there to, three, providing the necessary human resources by developing their capabilities in this regard at all levels, starting with basic education until developed education. I would like to share with you our experience in adopting such a comprehensive approach during our journey for cybersecurity transformation. We started this transformation based on decentralization. In 2017, we established the National Agency for cybersecurity, It is responsible for cybersecurity in the kingdom and the national directory. It includes a number of regulations that set the minimum requirements for cyber security that needs to be implemented by all relevant national stakeholders. It oversees the compliance by stakeholders to ensure a comprehensive understanding at the national level with regards to capacity building. We address this by developing a strategy based on three pillars; one, developing a strong educational base, we cooperated with the Ministry of Education to promote cybersecurity and included at all levels of education primary until university education. These efforts increase the number of programs on cybersecurity by 500%. We also launched the Saudi framework for cybersecurity, that sets the minimum requirements for education plans on cybersecurity, to include quality education. Two, the second pillar, addressing future needs in global markets. We launched the Saudi framework for cybersecurity professionals that sets different roles in cybersecurity and the responsibilities and the knowledge required. As for the third pillar, It provides different education opportunities, we established a cybersecurity National Institute to provide training for people we trained more than 20,000 professionals for cybersecurity. In cooperation with the Saudi companies, we developed a platform for cyber exercises that give simulations to more than 500 agencies. At the regional and international level, we established a ministerial committee at the GCCE and at the League of Arab States. We also carried out cyber exercises with a number of states and organizations including the ITU, more than 40 States took part in such exercises. Last year 2023, we announced the establishment of the International Forum of cybersecurity as a non-profit organization to promote cybersecurity across the world. It supports capacity building Excellencies, ladies and gentleman, there are two key lessons learned here. In terms of building security capacity, one, training such trainings should be targeted should bridge the gap in terms of human resources and to it is important to cooperate among all stakeholders. In conclusion, capacity building is a journey that requires promotion of cooperation to ensure a great cybersecurity and promoting the well-being of all peoples across the world. Thank you very much.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you. The next speaker is the distinguished representative of the United States to be followed by the United Arab Emirates.

Thank you Chair, I wish to express my thanks to Ambassador Gafoor and his team for organizing this important discussion today. Conversations that bring together so many experts stakeholders are critical, as Member States advance implementation of the framework of responsible state behavior. discussions on implementing the framework must address what we need to do on capacity building to reach that goal. As has been apparent already today, there’s significant ongoing work in this space, and we see that as a source of optimism. At the same time, while we’ve made steady progress, there’s continuing significant need for all types of cyber capacity building, including the basics. the United States is and will continue to be committed to doing our part to address that need. On Monday, the United States released the international cyberspace and digital policy strategy with Secretary Blinken on the main stage at the RSA Conference in San Francisco. The strategy focuses on building broad digital solidarity with international partners toward an inclusive secure, prosperous rights respecting safe and equitable, digital future. Two of the strategies priority areas of action are first advancing responsible state behavior in cyberspace and countering threats, especially to critical infrastructure by building coalitions and engaging partners, and second, strengthening international partner digital and cyber capacity. core to the concept of digital solidarity is a willingness to work together to help partners build capacity, and provide mutual support across the digital ecosystem. Over the last few years, the United States has been at the forefront of providing programming and assistance to strengthen global cybersecurity and the broader ICT ecosystem. In 2022. Alone, the Department of State and USAID invested more than $200 million in foreign assistance, supporting major projects and initiatives that have had a lasting impact on the digital landscape. We’ve since doubled those investments. The United States envisions a future where people around the world use secure digital technologies to safely and openly engage online reliably receive services and information from their governments and drive economic growth. Cyber Threats undercut that promise, They impose direct costs on victims, especially individual users. We saw the impacts when Albania and Costa Rica suffered significant cyber incidents, the United States received requests for assistance from both partner countries. In line with the normative framework, we jumped into action. After the immediate remediation, we’ve continued to support these countries cyber defenses and their overall resilience. We fund capacity building activities in dozens of countries worldwide, directly through implementing partners and organizations like the World Bank, and OAS. Our capacity programming includes developing and implementing national cybersecurity strategies, strengthening national incident management capabilities, including assistance with certs building a culture of cybersecurity through awareness and workforce development, and raising awareness of the applicability of international law in cyberspace. The US Congress recently authorized a new dedicated fund focused on cyberspace, digital connectivity and related technologies. The bipartisan support behind this action demonstrates the United States commitment to building a safe, secure and reliable digital ecosystem. However, because the needs in this space will continue to outstrip our dollars, we fully support the development of broader coalition’s as seen here today committed to capacity building. The United Nations plays a vital role in cyber and digital issues, particularly with its ability to convene the multistakeholder community, we must recognize that the vast majority of cyber capacity building is implemented by the multistakeholder community and opportunities to engage with them directly are vital. The UN First Committee and therefore the OEWG is playing the convening role today. Having the right people in the room allows us to discuss challenges share lessons learned and deepen our understanding of this topic with an eye toward how it helps us implement the framework through capacity building. With a focused approach, the OEWG adds unique value to an increasingly saturated capacity building environment. We think roundtables focused on capacity building, where all stakeholders are present and talking, is an excellent model. We would support the OEWG exploring ways to carry on these conversations, integrate even more voices, and better understand regional nuances and challenges. As these efforts continue, it’s essential that we have an institutionalized mechanism in the United Nations to carry them out and to ensure states have a forum for these important discussions. The Future Program of Action that 161 states voted for in last year’s First Committee offers us an opportunity to do exactly that. Capacity Building is an essential and found additional part of the POA we envision a POA that takes an action oriented approach, digging into Priority Issues and developing cross cutting capacity building recommendations. Member States must aim for a seamless transition to the POA and 2025 Following the conclusion of the current OEWG. Such a transition must be facilitated by an OEWG final report that reaffirms the POAs mandate, as defined by UNGA resolution 77/37, with a consensus framework as its foundation. The essence of the POA and what distinguishes it from the working groups that have preceded it is its action oriented structure and working methods. In addition to substantive plenary meetings, the POA will establish working groups that will take a cross cutting approach to implementing the framework, developing recommendations, assessments and best practices on priority challenges, such as facilitating cooperation between states following a serious cyber incident. concrete recommendations for capacity building will be an essential output of these discussions. Working towards the POA we see an opportunity for the OEWG, to endorse a list of foundational cyber capabilities that states need in order to implement the framework. UNIDIR’s report on unpacking cyber capacity needs provides important guidance on this topic. The ITU has also done work in this area, we see a convergence of views on what constitutes foundational domestic cyber capabilities, namely, a National Cyber Security Strategy, a dedicated entity to act as a focal point on cyber matters. In emergency or incident response capability, established processes and procedures for relevant stakeholders and cyber hygiene programming. We need to ensure states have a solid domestic cyber Foundation. In particular, we see these capabilities as an essential prerequisite for States seeking to implement the framework. The OEWG should consider endorsing the set of foundational capabilities. We are in this together, and because of the interconnectedness of the digital ecosystem, we must collectively raise our capacities to ensure overall resilience and ensure an open, interoperable and secure cyberspace for all. Our efforts together at the UN should be underpinned by that togetherness by that sense of digital solidarity. Thank you.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you Next is the distinguished representative of the United Arab Emirates to be followed by Jordan.

Thank you very much chair. And I would like to begin also by thanking all those who have been involved in organizing this great and important roundtable. On a topic that is both timely and the decisive for our future societies. It is clear that capacity building is a key to developing the resources skills, policies and institutions necessary to increase the resiliency and the ICT security of states. It definitely supports the framework of responsible states behavior and the use of ICTs and contributes to the building of a safe and secure ICT environment for all, which is an essential building block for sustainable digital development. As the digital landscape evolves, it is important and urgent that ever, the capacity building efforts are accelerated to ensure that all states can safely and securely seize the benefit of digital technologies. UAE would like to share our model and some of the important lessons learned that is really have been evolved and learned in that specific domain. In UAE and in the region, in general, we have been increasingly under attack with all of those cyber threats that are actually increasing and impacting us and our infrastructures. And by that we created those three programs that would likely be more than happy to share it as well with the whole nations here. First one is the cyber pulse program, It is a program that places a strong emphasis, and places as well an educational manner on training various societiel earlier groups, on the value of cybersecurity, which is one of its main features that applies to youth applies to children applies to women and families as well as corporations and government entities. The goal of this program is to build a more secure digital society for everyone to be the first line of defense, by promoting digital awareness and offering training programs as well as adding more into that curriculum with the coordination of the Ministry of Education, the cyber purse program can be thought of as a technological barrier that safeguards people and companies from any electronic danger by making them the first line of defense. Second one is the global cyber drill, which was mentioned a minute ago as well, and it was in cooperation with the ITU. It is an initiative to strengthen the cybersecurity readiness and resiliency of the CSIRT community across the globe. In particular, its aim to enhance cybersecurity capacity and capabilities throughout regional cooperation, assist member states in developing and implementing operational procedures to respond better to various cyber incidents, and identify improvement for future planning and CSIRT processes at the national level. The global cyber drill, strengthens international cooperation between member states and promote knowledge sharing to foster a global culture of cybersecurity programs, and this year, we’re proud to announce more than 100 nations have participated in that cyber drill globally. The third one is the cyber sniper program, which is a comprehensive cybersecurity training program designed to develop our knowledge and skills in the ever evolving cybersecurity field. That program covers a wide range of topics including awareness, ethical hacking, incident response, offensive security, defensive security and digital forensics. It is a volunteer initiative that aims to produce a highly uncertified pool of cybersecurity experts pen testers vulnerability assessors, equipped with the latest knowledge to safeguard the nation’s critical infrastructure and digital frontiers. To conclude the responsibility to mitigate the related risk of new technologies rests with us all, and mainly in enhancing that capacity building that includes both those building public and private partnership at the forefront of developing new technologies. Such capacity building program provides a significant step towards building a more secure and resilient cyber ecosystem. By training and upskilling nations and cybersecurity, it will help us all to create a pooll of highly skilled professional who can play a vital role in protecting the world’s critical infrastructure and data. Thank you very much

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you, I now give the floor to the distinguished representative of Jordan to be followed by the European Union.

Jordan

Those distinguished delegates Good morning. It’s my pleasure to be with you here today. At this very important meeting, Jordan begins to express gratitude to the chair, Mr. Burhan Gafoor and his esteemed team Adam shades the inclusive, transparent and consensus driven approach that guided the Open-ended Working Group. Under his leadership. Jordan underscores that capacity building is indeed a priority and a cross cutting pillar to improve country’s resilience against cyber attacks carried out by different malicious state and non state actors. As such, capacity building stands as a central pillar of Jordan’s National cybersecurity strategy, which first was drafted in 2012. We are committed to sharing our knowledge and expertise fully recognizing that addressing the multifaceted faceted challenges of cybersecurity requires efforts rather than individual state actions. The National cybersecurity Center in Jordan, which was established in 2019 is dedicated is the dedicated governmental agency responsible for regulating, developing and overseeing a robust cybersecurity system at the national level. And reference to Jordan cybersecurity law. NCSC leads capacity building efforts in Jordan. These efforts aim to cultivate expertise and capabilities in cybersecurity, while enhancing cybersecurity awareness across the country. And the response to changes in the cyber landscape. The Jordanian government has introduced several laws and regulations as part of our efforts to address and mitigate risks associated with cyberspace to balance the need for cybersecurity with the need to protect citizens individual rights. In addition to the cybersecurity law, other laws include the cybersecurity cybercrime law, which acts as a safeguard against cyber criminals and hold them accountable. Also the data privacy and protection law which aims to create A balanced framework that regulates the collection and processing of personal data, while protecting citizens rights to privacy. In addition to the above laws, Jordan has developed a number of regulations that govern the cyberspace in Jordan, such as the National cybersecurity Framework at the national certification and licensing scheme. Based on the methodology of proactive management management of cybersecurity, Jordan’s Computer Emergency Response Team, the JOCISRT, was established as part of the National cybersecurity Center to confront threats in the cyberspace and to respond to incident and help institutions of all sectors to recover from devastating cyber attacks. Alongside the efforts of the JOCSIRT, there are several sectorial CSIRTs, such as the financial CSIRTS, or the Finn CSIRT, or the military CSIRT or the JACSIRT, which have the goal of protecting their sectorial it and OT assets. On the international cooperation front, Jordan has managed to increase its international presence by joining forums, regional CSIRTs and other related engagements to foster international cooperation. The Jordanian Government participates through its CSIRTS and regional engagements and activities, and in forums such as the International Telecommunication Union, the ITU, the Arab regional cybersecurity Center, and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation CSIRT, the OIC CSIRT, we have several bilateral agreements with international partners, and Jordan advocates and wishes to participate in ICT related capacity building efforts and initiatives with a clear vision that cater to the specific needs of states reduce asymmetries to ensure international consensus and to achieving a secure and safe ICT environment at peaceful cyberspace. In conclusion, we look forward to supporting and intensifying our efforts to achieve sustainable development within established frameworks. We are striving to fulfill the goals and agreements outlined in discussions within the Open-ended Working Group. Thank you.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you, the distinguished representative of the European Union now has the floor and will be followed by Mexico.


Thank you, Mr. Chair. I have the honor to speak on behalf of the European Union and its member states, the candidate countries North Macedonia, Montenegro, Albania, Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Georgia and the after country Iceland Member of the European Economic Area as well as San Marino aligned themselves with this statement, Mr. Chair, cyberspace is growing at an unprecedented speed. In the next 10 years, we will see half of the world’s population connected to the internet for the first time. Most of this growth will take place in emerging economies. Therefore, it is more important than ever, that capacity building efforts are accelerated to ensure that all states can safely and securely seize the benefits. Some of the barriers countries face in building the cybersecurity capacities are well known, such as cyber skills gaps and access to innovative technologies. To date, global efforts have also been slow to integrate capacity building with the broader development agenda. More attention is needed on locating the right partners and creating awareness of the importance of cyber capacity building. External cyber capacity building as a tool in the EUs international cyber cooperation has increased from the initial investment of 10 million euro in 2007. It has reached almost 100 and 70 million euro in 2022. The focus has moved from technical assistance to a mechanism that can serve multiple policy objectives, including cyber diplomacy as part of the US International Cooperation approach. Mirroring the global trend towards increasing desire for coordination of cyber capacity building actions, the EU has increased our commitment to strengthening coordination efforts at the global level as well as internally. Mr. Chair, the accurate call for cyber resilient development that the EU has endorsed along with more than 40 other organizations and nations offers concrete actions that can help us individually and collectively overcome existing barriers and improved cyber capacity building delivery, effectiveness and sustainability. Primarily, it calls on countries to leverage different financing streams and cooperation modalities. This means utilizing a combination of funds from international development cooperation, domestic resource mobilization, and private sector investments. To this end, we need to consider how to integrate more strategically and practically the role of the private sector in cyber capacity building and spark new conversations about how best to do so together. The crack also outlines that existing mechanisms for cooperation can help us progress as long as we reflect the central role of partner governments and value added of regional organizations and platforms. It calls for local ownership shared responsibility for coordination, efficient resource utilization, enhanced transparency and better division of labor among stakeholders. Moreover, regional organizations and hubs have been central to the effectiveness of cyber capacity building efforts. They help enhance awareness and coordination, minimize duplication and connect national and international efforts. An example of this is the Global Forum on Cyber Expertise and its regional hubs across Africa, the Americas Pacific and Southeast Asia. To communicate combination of regional organizations working in tandem with states, while also supported by the non-governmental multistakeholder community can ensure effective capacity building projects. Sharing and understanding the success stories of demand driven capacity building is key to this process. As a concrete a forward looking measure, the EU supports the establishment of a Program of Action on cybersecurity as a permanent mechanism. In conclusion, Mr. Chair and given the speed of technological progress, it is important to think of capacity building as a dynamic progress process by the needs of stakeholders are in constant evolution, and successful implementation can help to provide broader stability and socio economic growth. Future trajectories will need to recognize the capacity building coordination that takes place on multiple levels and leverage this to benefit all stakeholders. The EU stands ready to continue to support the endeavor of bettering capacity building efforts at the global level. I thank you.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you, the next speaker is a distinguished permanent representative of Mexico to be followed by Ireland.

Mexico

Thank you very much moderator. We’re grateful for the convening of this roundtable on capacity building, and we thank the panelists for their briefings. Mexico considers that capacity building and strengthening capacity is fundamental in order to develop the resources, skills, and policies and institutions that are necessary in order to increase resilience, and to increase the security of information technology in states, in this way, contributing to the creation of a safe and stable environment for all. We therefore have the joint goal of developing resilient cyber state space that can detect check and mitigate the impact of malicious activity that threatens international security. As regards the guiding questions, allow me to highlight the following points. For Mexico, It is crucial that we design capacity development programs that respond to the specific needs of each sector and the specific threats that they are facing. In addition, the implementation of the global directory points of contact is essential to facilitate a swift and coordinated response ensuring that all operational staff are well prepared. The same time we must also strengthen capacity and cyber diplomacy and develop a robust pool of talent and cybersecurity, a cyber workforce, integrating continuous education at all academic levels with a gender perspective. Secondly, we highlight the increase in the creation and updating of national capacities on cybersecurity at a regional level with a comprehensive approach and short, mid and long term goals to improve the coordinated response in light of incidents and to strengthen cybernetic resilience. In this regard, the regional Working Group on cooperation and Confidence Building Measures on the framework of the cybersecurity program of the Inter American Committee Against Terrorism, of the Organization of American States has played a crucial role in equipping professionals with the skills in order to implement in practical terms and norms and measures for confidence building at a regional level. Mexico also highlights the work of the network CSIRT Americas for their effective response to cybernetic incidents and for contributing to confidence and regional stability, our collaboration with other countries in the fight against ransomware and in promoting cyber hygiene underscores our commitment to robust cyber diplomacy. Thirdly, it’s regards lessons on capacity building. Many states have undertaken analysis of their capacity and cybersecurity, and it has facilitated the development of national strategies, whereby resources are effectively and efficiently allocated, and key actions are given priority. In this context, the Global Forum of cybersecurity expertise, has shown how strengthening capacity can drive the implementation of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) as well as highlighting the importance of such assessments in order to identify needs and specific gaps. The Global Forum has also promoted the creation of public private partnerships (PPPs) that support innovation, respecting human rights and global norms on cybersecurity. The Cybil portal of the Global Forum, is a key source of good practices, it offers a way of sharing and adapting these practices internationally. For this reason, for my country, it is important for the global forum to continue being the platform to coordinate the multiple efforts toward developing capacity and building capacity as well as serving as a meeting point for all stakeholders involved and for international cooperation. Mexico also considers that it is essential that we explore innovative models for cooperation such as North-South alliances, south-south, and triangular alliances as well in order to further build capacity at a global level. Moderator, Mexico values the importance of incorporating a gender perspective and diversity in our efforts to build capacity, it is crucial that such programs and initiatives grow and generate opportunities for all people including the LGBTQ+ communities and other populations that may be considered in situations of vulnerability. By way of conclusion, Mexico reiterates its commitment to a secure, open and dynamic cyberspace. We are convinced that strengthening cybernetic resilience represents a fundamental pillar for sustainable development and global stability. Together, we should work to close the capacity gap and build a digital future that is more inclusive and more resilient for all. I thank you

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you and I now give the floor to the distinguished representative of Ireland, and Ireland will be followed by Pakistan

Ireland

Ireland warmly welcomes the initiative to convene this global roundtable. I look forward to constructive engagement on this topic, both today and in anticipation of the OEWG’s forthcoming work over the period ahead. Ireland fully aligns with the statement delivered by the European Union. And I would now like to add some additional remarks in my national capacity. We are grateful to the OEWG chair Ambassador Burhan Gafoor for the strong initiative and priority that you have afforded capacity building throughout our work at the UN, which is an area of focus and necessity for so many delegations. It will remain an indispensable priority both within the OEWG and for the future permanent mechanism that follows it as an open society with a highly connected, digitalized economy. Ireland is acutely conscious of the deteriorating international security environment, particularly with regard to the increase in malicious cyber activities. Given the international scope of this issue, and the interconnectedness of cyberspace, it is crucial that we build resilience globally to tackle our common vulnerabilities. Ensuring that all states can harness the benefits of ICTs while mitigating the risks involved through capacity building measures is a priority for Ireland, and a key pillar of the UN normative framework for Responsible state behavior in the use of ICTs. Ireland supported and we’re encouraged by the consensus development of the UN normative framework. It is incumbent upon all states to narrow the digital divide and build our resilience against malicious cyber activities. We have been further encouraged by the discussions of and commitment to capacity building initiatives in the multilateral context through member state initiatives at the regional levels and mechanisms under UN auspices It is crucial that we now direct our focus to better coordinating approaches to capacity building, and this will be central to an action orientated successor mechanism to the OEWG. In our national capacity last year, Ireland provided 25,000 euros in funding to the United Nations Office for Disarmament affairs, for regional consultations on the Program of Action and capacity building. We did so as it is crucially important that we move beyond mere discussions on capacity building to effective delivery on the ground. We need to see further commitments in that regard. This initiative to convene a global round out right roundtable is a positive step. In that practical effort, bringing the necessary decision makings together, decision makers together to turn our conversation into commitments and actions. Ireland would welcome further initiatives in this regard, and we see real potential to do so on specific capacity building areas most permanent permanently in the application of international law to the cyber domain. Ireland supports a free, open, peaceful and secure cyberspace. We recognize that building global resilience to malicious cyber activities is integral to our collective security. And this takes increasingly specialized expertise. In 2019, Ireland updated our National cybersecurity strategy, including in the area of international engagement, the strategy includes a strong commitment to develop a sustainable capacity building program for developing countries to ensure that this expertise can be equitably shared. In advancing our engagement, Ireland was pleased to join the stakeholder community of EU cybernet, the EU Cyber Capacity Building Network earlier this year. In our view, cyber capacity building programs must be demand driven, reflecting the needs of the countries involved, and with a strong element of both multistakeholder and private sector involvement. EU Cybernet is a vital mechanism to achieve this. EU Cybernet also coordinates the delivery of the EU’s external cyber capacity building projects by establishing a pool of cyber experts and connecting them to a wider Pan European stakeholder community, assessing partner country’s needs and organizing trainings and technical assistance. We look forward to nominating civil society participants to the multistakeholder expert pool drawing from the deep and diverse expertise in Ireland. Ireland is further encouraged by the success of the needs oriented, demand driven capacity building efforts of the international counter ransomware initiative. Finally, chair, let me say that we believe that elements of these member state initiatives, as well as other regional and multilateral efforts offer good examples of existing approaches for coordinated multistakeholder capacity building on ICT security. My delegation looks forward to further productive discussions with partners today on how we can better execute this work, both in the UN context and beyond. Thank you very much.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you. The distinguished permanent representative of Pakistan now has the floor and will be followed by the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Pakistan

Thank you, Chair, Distinguished Chair, excellencies, distinguished delegates. At the outset, I would like to extend my heartfelt congratulations to Ambassador Burhan Gafoor for his exemplary and skillful leadership of the Open-Ended Working Group on security of and in the use of information and communication technologies. We’re grateful for convening this important global roundtable on ICT security and capacity building. Yesterday, we inaugurated the global points of contact directory for CT. And this is I believe, an important step in the cooperation that has been promoted through this Open-ended Working Group. Chair capacity building in the field of ICT security is one of the key areas of the OEWGs mandate. There is a large gap in terms of capacities and skills between States and Pakistan appreciate the OEWG’s emphasis on capacity building particularly in bridging the gap between the developing and developed countries, international cooperation in the area of capacity building on an equal footing is a key measure for a safe, secure, stable and peaceful ICT environment. Pakistan supports the idea of a permanent capacity building mechanism under the United Nations, as well as a dedicated funding mechanism to support capacity building projects in developing countries. In this context, we believe that such cooperation should be demand driven, made on the request of recipient states. It should be fair, unconditional and equitable access to related technologies. States must be provided with technical support and resources for establishment and effective utilization of Computer Emergency Response Teams. The provision of fellowships and training for cybersecurity professionals in the areas of critical infrastructure security cyber policymaking application of international law in cyberspace are all important areas. And in this regard, we appreciate the UN Singapore cyber fellowship program, and highly ICT related capacity building must be seen as a trust building measure, and it should be transparent, accountable, and non-discriminatory. Chair, the ICT technologies have obvious and extremely worst positive potential. Yet on the negative side, these technologies have expanded the domains of conflict. Cyber warfare has emerged as a new domain of warfare. It is urgent to address key emerging trends of malicious activities in cyberspace, both by states and non-state actors. We are particularly concerned at the frequency of cyber-attacks on critical infrastructure. Another aspect of cyber threats is disinformation, my country has been a particularly long standing victim of such disinformation. Such disinformation constitutes interference in the internal affairs of states erodes international cooperation, and potentially threatens international peace and security. Chair the UN’s charters principles obviously serve as a guiding framework to navigate the complexities of cyber governance. However, the applicability of existing international law to cyberspace is not sufficient to address the multifaceted legal challenges arising from ICT threats. It is essential to develop a legally binding international instrument specifically tailored to the unique attributes of ICTs and to provide a regulatory framework that creates stability and safety in cyberspace. Appropriate Confidence Building Measures can contribute to increasing transparency and predictability in cyberspace and reduce the likelihood of misunderstandings and thus, the risk of conflict. International cooperation for capacity building and sharing of requisite technologies to enhance cybersecurity could be an important area of early progress. We hope that our deliberations in the group today will result in practical recommendations and proposals to address the capacity needs of the developing countries. Thank you.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you. And as I’m watching the clock in my role as moderator, may I please ask delegations to consider delivering shortened versions, that is shorter than five minutes of their statements, if at all possible. And instead to upload the full statement on the Open-ended Working Group website, we still have a long list of speakers and we of course, want to ensure that all can speak in the course of the day. Thank you very much for taking that into consideration. The next speaker is the distinguished representative of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to be followed by Kenya.

Netherlands

Thank you very much, Mr. Chair. I would like to start by warmly thanking the Permanent Representative of Singapore for organizing today’s high level ministerial meeting on a topic that is of high importance to my country, cyber capacity building, and of course, we also fully align ourselves to the statement delivered by the European Union. Mr. Chair, it is essential that all countries including their societies, and economies can fully benefit from the open Free and secure cyberspace. A strong integrated approach towards cybersecurity human rights and development. Digital Development enables this. Such an approach, in fact accelerates the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. This is why the Netherlands has endorsed the Accra call at the first global conference on cyber capacity building, held in Accra last year. The Accra call aims to promote the integration of cyber in development cooperation, and it’s so promising to see really the diversity of organizations and countries that have already endorsed to Accra call. Strengthening global cyber resilience is a team effort. And in our efforts, we are guided by the framework for Responsible state behavior in cyberspace, including the Capacity Building Principles agreed on the UN auspices. Vital for the Kingdom of the Netherlands is that support provided be demand driven, and this is why we engage with our partners at the national, regional and global level and with the multistakeholder community. In this regard, I would like to briefly highlight three tailor made regional initiatives. One, Japan and the Netherlands have worked together to offer a cyber capacity building training at the ASEAN Japan cyber capacity building. Second, the Netherlands has initiated together with South Africa and India, two cyber schools for students and young professionals, particularly Facilitating collaboration between academics from both regions. And this online school has really equipped and empowered 1000s of students. Three in the context of the UN, the Kingdom of the Netherlands is particularly proud to be a staunch supporter of the Women in Cyber fellowship. This is a joint successful effort with Australia, Canada, New Zealand, UK and the US. This has contributed really to the OEWG discussions on cyber being more inclusive, increasing the gender balance and deepening and enriching the discussions. Mr. Chair, the technical community, academia, civil society and private sector are crucial in providing expertise, knowledge and infrastructure in this complex and fast developing field. After all, an effective cyber ecosystem relies on all actors involved. Allow me to also highlight one more example the Global Forum on Cyber Expertise, this forum offers a platform for all to share knowledge and support alignment on cyber capacity building, so that states have access to the resources, knowledge and skills needed in order to thrive in their digital future. In closing, Mr. Chair, I would like to thank you for today’s opportunity to raise global awareness on the importance of cyber capacity building and I would like to thank you

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you and the next speaker is the distinguished permanent representative of Kenya to be followed by Morocco.Okay, he does not seem to be in the room, so we will turn to the distinguished permanent representative of Morocco please.

Morocco

Thank you Chair. I have the honor to speak to deliver the following statement on behalf of His Excellency Omar Hilal, who is currently unable to attend. Chair, allow me to begin by welcoming the distinguished participation of the Secretary General of the United Nations the president of the General Assembly, the Secretary General of the International Telecommunications Union, the administrator of the UNDP and the Honorable Ministers for their enlightening statements. Information and communication technologies have become an invaluable pillar of our everyday lives in all areas. However, their misuse, including to spread hate speech, inflicts major damage for peace and security and considerably infringing on human dignity. The Kingdom of Morocco has closely followed the discussions held in the context of the open ended Working Group on the utilization of in the security of ICTs under the Sterling leadership of Ambassador Burhan Gafoor including on how we can bridge the digital divide, which unfortunately continues to deepen between developed and developing states. Given this reality, we believe that strengthening resilience and security of ICTs necessarily requires an innovative multi- dimensional strategy which includes aspects such as technical, organizational and human centered aspects. Namely, by doing the following, investing in robust cybersecurity infrastructure, putting in place clear policies and rules encouraging public private partnerships, increasing training and awareness raising programs to bolster competencies in cybersecurity, putting in place National cybersecurity strategies that strengthen the capacity to respond to incidents, and which leverage emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, capacity building, this is an aspect that is a priority focus of Morocco’s National cybersecurity strategy and implementation of those priorities. The promotion of international cooperation, this is an essential tool to build capacities in Morocco’s view, Morocco has participated actively in all of the initiatives and forums dedicated to this important question, such as the Global Forum on Cyber Expertise. Turning now to the responsible behavior of in the use of ICTs, we believe that the international community has all the elements it needs to establish the principles for digital citizenship and where individuals contribute to a cyberspace that is safer and more inclusive for future generations. Chair, at the regional level, we are working together with 17 African countries to promote collaboration among cybersecurity agencies within the network of African authorities for cybersecurity, my country is Vice chairing this group. This network promotes several initiatives to strengthen capacities inter alia, providing us legal and technical assistance, harmonizing norms and rules and developing human capital. The Kingdom has provided brotherly African and Arab countries for several years with training courses for specialized staff. We’ve organized crisis management exercises in cyber drills and conferences dedicated to cyber security, and we provided assistance and putting in place strategies, policies and structures on governance of cybersecurity while sharing information on threats and feedback on technical solutions that have to do with ICT security. My country remains interested in initiatives and programs for building capacity, both regionally and internationally, and we remain attentive to opportunities that may be presented in this context to better develop our own capacities in the context of fruitful and dynamic cooperation. Finally, Morocco is one of the main co-sponsors of the historic and innovative resolution on seizing the opportunities. The resolution entitled seizing the opportunities of safe, secure and trustworthy artificial intelligence systems for sustainable development, which was presented by the United Nations and that resolution was adopted by consensus by the GA on the 21st of March 2024. Enclosing chair, rest assured that Morocco will continue to be fully committed in the OEWG, to promote an ICT sector that is responsible, equitable, safe, inclusive and promising for future generations. To do this, the international community needs to exercise responsible behavior when using ICTs, which are an integral part of our technical evolution, which must be guided by our basic principles including sovereignty, digital trust, international cooperation and respect for human dignity. Thank you.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)


Thank you. The next speaker is the distinguished representative of Qatar to be followed by the Russian Federation

Qatar

Your excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, allow me at the outset to thank His Excellency Ambassador Gafoor in for chairing the Open-Ended Working Group on security of and in the use of information and communication technologies. We trust his able leadership of the OEWG in order to achieve its intended objectives. Mr. President, when we talk about capacity building, we reiterate always the importance of regional and international cooperation to address the challenges to cybersecurity. These challenges are an obstacle before many countries in terms of achieving progress and sustainable development. Due to the disparities in terms of capacities expertise and available resources, we need to intensify regional and international efforts in order to ensure alignment with norms and standards and principles, and means to develop them further. And this context and in support of the efforts in exchanging best practices and experiences to address cybersecurity challenges. We share with you our experience at the national level in our national strategy for cybersecurity, we established a legal and regulatory framework to ensure a safe cyberspace through several programs. Two main programs I would like to highlight first, the certification program, which issues certifications to port compliance with National Information Assurance Standards, to guarantee that institutions have programs in line with the National Information Assurance Standards to raise cybersecurity levels. The second program is accreditation of cybersecurity service providers, which gives guarantees to the consumers of cybersecurity services by guaranteeing that the service providers are technically capable and have accurate programs, we also joined a common criteria framework since 2015. We are one of the countries that issue the certificates of that common criteria through the quarter Common Criteria scheme. We will be hosting the International Conference for Common Criteria, ICCC, in October, November of this year. Ladies and gentleman, we understand that addressing the capacity building gap can only be solved if based on a scientific and inclusive approach and dealt with at different levels at the national level. We worked on training programs that target different groups within the state, the most important of which is the training program for prevention against cyber crimes that provided a training to more than 79,000 trainees from 91 local institutions. We have also strengthened our national cyber maneuver initiative, which is one of the most important strategic projects, projects sorry, that aim at improving our national cyber readiness by improving the strategies of response and recovery from the impact of such attacks on the society and the sustainability of its national economy. At the regional level, in since 2022, we are a member inter ministerial committee for cybersecurity at GCC. This committee aims at improving coordination in cybersecurity among the member states by exchanging experiences and best practices. We also at an international level, we participated in the International Conference for the list developing countries and we provided training kits that includes 16 special training courses for raising awareness about cybersecurity for the least developed countries. In recognizing that common international responsibility and building capacities, we reiterate that we are ready to share our experiences with all the countries and international organizations within the framework of the Open-ended Working Group. And through this platform, we reaffirm our commitment to continue our work to strengthen cybersecurity, build and support capacity building and bridge that technical, logical and security gaps in order to have a safe cyberspace that is beneficial to the international community according to the highest standards. Thank you very much

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you and I now give the floor to the representative distinguished representative of the Russian Federation to be followed by Latvia

Russia

Thank you, chair. We would like to welcome the participants of the first global high level roundtable on security in the use of ICTs. We thank the Chair of the OEWG, the Permanent Representative of Singapore, Burhan Gafoor for his efforts in convening this meeting. We believe that this meeting is very timely amid these swiftly mounting threats in the information around and the urgent need to effectively and collectively counter these challenges. We thank the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres and the other speakers that spoke. Distinguished colleagues the Russian Federation attaches great importance to capacity building in the security of and in the use of ICTs. Our country has consistently promoted this topic internationally specifically in the annual draft resolutions, specialist resolutions of the UNGGA, which we have brought to the GA and which have tasked the OEWG with developing a transparent mechanisms to meet the needs of States. Back in 2018, we had the idea of creating the OEWG then we took into account the demand by developing countries in developing digital capacity building. We thought this should be a main area of activity of the group back in 2023, we took another important step the member states were able to coordinate universal principles for providing this assistance and to agree on their being enshrined in the annex to the second annual report of the OEWG and these principles were intended to bridge the digital divide and ensure adherence to the principles of the UN Charter while ensuring international cooperation and 77 equality of states. Yet we see the need for more energetic actions toward practical decisions and recommendations on this front both in the aforementioned OEWG and in the future negotiating mechanism on international information security. We have provided for this and our proposal to create a permanently acting OEWG, we think it’s necessary to focus on assisting the most vulnerable, technically vulnerable representatives of the global south and east considering their concrete needs with the UN taking a coordinating role. As for the efforts undertaken by the Russian Federation, nationally, our country is working in accordance with our laws to carry out an array of technical assistance programs bilaterally. In cooperation with our foreign partners, we are focusing on training and information security. A number of Russian universities have trained students from nearly 30 states in 2023 alone at these universities that we’re continuing education courses for students from the CIS from Southeast Asia and Latin America and Europe. Our foreign partners are very interested in our achievements. And that fact is explained by the fact that they want to protect themselves from those who are openly using ICTs against other states to meddle in their internal affairs. We’re prepared to take on board Applications from any interested states. The academic disciplines that our universities teach include information and computer security methods to detect and to counter computer network attacks, ways and means to protected data from unauthorized access, stopping the crimes with computer information, and also investigating unlawful acts for the use of ICTs and specialized International Cooperation and Security of Information Technology in the law enforcement area. What is very much in demand our training courses of for computer forensics and tackling telephone fraud as well as the use of ICTs and international mail services in the end illicit drug trafficking and to steal funds on the detection and investigation of illicit operations using digital assets, including cryptocurrencies and their use for financing terrorism, and the investigation of crimes on the Dark net. An important area of Russian competent authorities is capacity building. And here we are organizing scientific and practical events. We are regularly carrying out roundtables and working meetings to exchange best practices and information security and provide information about the relevant national laws at the adhoc committee to elaborate a comprehensive international convention on countering the use of ICTs. for criminal purposes. We are regularly working with our partners in law enforcement through regular thematic online briefings together with the CIS BRICS in the regional ASEAN forum on security and through other organizations, we are working to organize a series of educational events. When it comes to preventing, identifying and investigating awful acts in the digital realm. We’re carrying out seminars on ICT terminology online meetings on the safe development of the internet and digital forensics, we’re convinced that considering the comprehensive nature of the International Information security agenda, we need to involve in capacity building all stakeholders especially the business and scientific and the academic, community and NGOs It is vital for technical assistance to be provided by major IT companies, this should be non-discriminatory and impartial. The presence of technological advantages among certain states and the corporation’s out of their control shouldn’t be used for them to lobby their interests in subjugate the Lesser Developed countries. As for Russian NGOs, we are we have one organization called Nami but which is organizing annually an international forum on international Information Security. Another key discussion platform on International Information Security is the International Conference known as coupon CCSC, which traditionally sees the participation of our partners from the CSTO, the CIS the SCO and BRICS colleagues. In conclusion, I want to stress that the Russian Federation is prepared to cooperate on capacity building with all interested states both bilaterally and multilaterally, primarily under the UN auspices, we are convinced that a key role in the global efforts on this front should be played by the OEWG and the permanent International Information Security negotiating format, which will replace it in 2025. Thank you.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you, and I now give the floor to the distinguished representative of Latvia to be followed by Cuba and Italy. And with that, we will have to close the morning session then that we have

Latvia

Mr. Moderator, Latvia, welcome Singapore’s and chairs personal leadership, steering the UN debate on cybersecurity matters In the framework of OEWG. Organizing this high level roundtable with particular focus on capacity building is another welcome initiative. It comes at the right time, as we approach the final phase of the preparations for the summit of the future. Latvia believes that the security implications of new technologies and cyber is an important pillar that needs to be addressed in the summit, In order to ensure that UN remains fit for purpose, Mr. Moderator, the rapid development of ICT technologies over the past decades have created uneven playing field among states, leaving gaps and vulnerabilities in cyberspace to be exploited by maligned state and non-state actors. In order to address this challenge, we have to make a better effort to coordinate and enhance capacity building initiatives, which would improve cyber resilience across the UN membership. The ongoing work within the OEWG has already contributed to this task, and has also outlined challenges that states in particular developing states face in this regard. One of the issues Latvia has identified is associated with a one size fits all approach, which often prevails in capacity building efforts. For instance, when small states are compelled to follow best practice of large countries, with these centralized cyber governance models, it can lead to fragmentation of already scarce resources. For this reason, we have to strive to improve matchmaking among states in capacity building projects, which would enable a tailored approach that fits the needs of each recipient of assistance. Latvia’s institutions, particularly on national CSIRT, have been providing assistance to states of similar size to Latvia in several regions, including Western Balkans by sharing expertise as well as by organizing training activities. These activities have been focused both on good governance in the field of national cybersecurity, but also on practical aspects such as setting up cybersecurity firewalls and cyber defense units, as well as engaging in cyber threat hunting operations. Latvia has also been focusing its efforts on ensuring effective private public partnership, we believe it is important to harness all available expertise, be it the private or public sector to develop and implement effective approach to cybersecurity. A key element in this regard is open dialogue, and inclusive approach, it helps building trust and confidence among different actors nationally, and facilitates with exchange of information. Latvia is willing to share its experience in this field, therefore, we aim to organize a thematic discussion with interested partners on good cybersecurity governance and private public cooperation during the next substantial session of the OEWG in July. Mr. Moderator, to conclude, Latvia will remain an engaged partner in our collective efforts to make cyberspace more secure and accessible to all, contributing both to sustainable development and international peace and security. I thank you.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you and I now give the floor to the distinguished permanent representative of Cuba.

Moderator, we thank the panelists for their briefings, and we thank the team of the chair of the Open-ended Working Group and the Secretariat for the efforts deployed in order for us to hold this roundtable today. For the Cuban delegation, this is an especially significant meeting in light of the vast chasm separating developed and developing countries any initiative that can contribute to capacity creation in developing countries in order to tackle the challenges that we face in the area of the security and use of ICTs represents an opportunity to address these challenges together, and to do so effectively. We hope that the Exchange today will contribute to this purpose. Cuban delegation has made a number of proposals and the framework of the debates of the OEWG in order to support capacity creation that I will not reiterate, since I wish to make the most of this space with the presence of many high level representatives and a broad number of delegations in order to raise awareness about some crucial questions in relation to capacity creation. It is the UN’s role to be a permanent forum for dialogue, consultation and cooperation and coordination between member states including supporting capacity and creating capacity as well as providing technical assistance in the area of ICT security, we must flip the mentality that current initiatives are enough in order to promote capacity creation. While the efforts that are undertaken bilaterally and regionally can complement the work of the United Nations, they are no substitute for the mechanisms that we established in the multilateral framework. And as such would favor the broadest access possible to activities that are aimed at capacity creation and capacity building. These activities can be and could be channeled through specialist agencies of United Nations such as the ITU. The question of universal access, without discrimination conditions or obstacles to knowledge, technology and equipment and the tools of ICT impact all aspects of the discussion under the framework of the OEWG and even go beyond it. To give you just one example, that we mentioned yesterday at the first meeting of the global directory of points of contact, it is not even possible to have fluid communication under equal conditions between points of contact in various parts of the world, if they do not all have the technical and material capacity in order to access specific digital platforms that are used for this end. We would call for understand that the understanding of those present and for a response to the demands from the countries of the global south in the most desperate fora on the need to receive the transference of knowledge, technology and equipment in order to close the digital divide and the technology gap in favor of sustainable development. This would also support the implementation of norms for responsible behavior of states in cyberspace, with a view to guaranteeing an open, safe, stable, accessible and peaceful environment for ITCs. A political commitment at a high level in order to address these legitimate claims of developing countries in the area of capacity creation, as an outcome of this event would certainly represent a significant action oriented step forward that would only be beneficial to all. Thank you.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you, and I now give the floor to the distinguished permanent representative of Italy.

Italy

Thank you. Thank you, Mr. Steiner. Italy fully aligns itself with a statement by the European Union and would like to have some consideration its national capacity. First of all, I would like to thank the chair for convening this roundtable on ICT security capacity building, a topic which plays a key role in bridging the digital divide between and within countries. That is a commitment we all aim to, while responsibly pursuing the SDGs. The upcoming summit of the future and the significant documents our leaders will sign on that occasion should invite us to raise the bar of our common efforts to the benefit of developing emerging countries and future generations. Italy proudly carries out capacity building activities both a bilateral level and through international institutions with regard to regional dimensions as winning solutions that make any initiative more successful. Italy is guided by a demand drive and approach and is willing to continue to coordinate and unite its efforts with others who share our objectives to assist countries that needed to improve their capacity to address the multiple challenges on cybersecurity and resilience. We will also aim to fully integrate cybersecurity into digital development, as allotted by the Accra call for cyber resilient development. To this end, we will continue to cooperate with international financial institutions in particularly the World Bank and the private sector. Effective public private partnership may be instrumental to maximize the impact and achieve results. Capacity building in the field of ICTs and cybersecurity also represent a valuable confidence building measure, in so far as it helps creating a better understanding among countries as well as contributing to international stability. At a time when the digital environment continues to be a contested space, we recognize the importance of working together on these issues, particularly within the Open-ended Working Group, a multistakeholder approach is as relevant as ever. Mapping national activities and experiences can help to achieve common goals and learn from each other. That is why we appreciate an effort aimed at rationalizing information sharing processes, and web portals. We look forward to the next Open-ended Working Group sessions do take into consideration proposal on the table on these topics and to the preparation of the annual report of the Open-ended Working Group. Looking to the future, we are convinced of the necessity of a single track permanent, inclusive and action oriented mechanism. And we believe that the Program of Action will constitute the best framework for further promoting the responsible state behavior in cyberspace and facilitating seabird capacity building. Ladies and gentlemen, to conclude, we are confident that today’s event will enrich the ongoing debate and will contribute to shape a better future with a more secure digital environment. I thank you, Mr. Chair.

Robin Geiss (Director, UNIDIR)

Thank you, and I’m afraid we’ve run out of time for this morning session. But please, all of you rest assured that we want to hear from all of you. And as such, the signature panel will reconvene at 3pm in this room to continue hearing interventions from the floor. As things currently stand we have still 34 delegations that would like to take the floor. So if everyone sticks to five minutes or under five minutes, we will get through in just 170 minutes, and that means in the afternoon session, so please be conscious of the time. It would be difficult in in any case, time is up to try and summarize in just a few minutes the wealth of knowledge and experience that was shared in the last two hours. But as we embark on this journey together, it’s important to recognize that cyber capacity building is not a one off effort, but rather a continuous process that requires sustained collaboration across borders, across sectors and disciplines. The sharing of knowledge, of resources and best practices that we’ve begun here this morning must continue, and not just throughout this important event but also far into the future. Now before formally closing this session during the session, I have a couple of important announcements to make. Once again, the lunchtime matchmaking session will begin at 1.30 in this room, and it will be presided over by the chief executive of the cybersecurity agency of Singapore Mr. David Koh. After that from three to 5pm. And in parallel to the continuation of the signature panel in this room, the breakout groups one and two will run simultaneously in conference room C and conference room D. Before we all reconvene in plenary here in conference room two at 5pm. And with that all that is left for me to do is to thank you all for your expert and very enthusiastic participation and to wish you all the successful continuation of the day. Thank you all very much. The meeting is adjourned.

Rapporteur

Distinguished delegates, dear colleagues, there will be the lunchtime matchmaking session continuing in this room. So member state nameplates will be reset but you are welcome to retain your seats and the stakeholders are kindly requested to coordinate with my colleague Virginia Browning to be seated in order. While we just make this transition thank you for dealing with us thanks.

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